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How to prepare for CASPER test

发布日期:2021-08-24

 


 

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How to prepare for CASPER test?

Although Casper is to test the personality and character of students, it is also possible to improve the chances of passing through review and practice.

Typing

We know that Casper is a computer-based test, so the most basic skills are typing speed and accuracy. How to practice? https://www.keybr.com/profile This is a website for practicing typing. It is recommended that you spend a little time every day to practice and cultivate your hand feel and hand speed. Because the answering time is very limited, students must develop their own hand speed and have some answering skills to shorten the typing time. 


For example: abbreviated answer, time is limited, you cannot write too much. Try to use simple sentences and simple vocabulary; when enumerating the steps and order, you can use Arabic numerals to replace words such as firstly and secondly; start a new line every time you finish writing a step, the advantage is that if you want to add it later, you can do it as soon as possible; find the points that can be inserted to make the answer look clearer.


Grammar issues

Although the official said that grammar and spelling issues do not affect the score, grammatical errors may affect the examiner’s understanding of your answers. If the examiner can’t understand, the score will be greatly affected, so everyone should pay attention to grammar when practicing. It is recommended to try to use simple sentence patterns and use simple vocabulary to express. 


In addition, if you have installed grammarly, it is recommended to turn off this function in the exam, because there is no time for you to modify the grammar. 


Your first goal is to answer the question as complete as possible, and secondly, the answer is in line with the examiner's wishes.




What are the common scenarios tested in CASPER?


Ethical dilemmas

In ethical dilemmas, you often face choices that directly affect others, usually by potentially hurting them, allowing harm to happen to them, or violating their moral and ethical standards. Or, you may find that you have to navigate through ethically difficult areas, or you may face situations where you have to deal with competing ethical priorities. 


These are very common in medical scenarios, but they can appear in any situation. For example, if you work as a doctor in the emergency room and a comatose 16-year-old patient needs a blood transfusion, or he will die, and you find a recently signed Jehovah’s Witness card in their wallet, it will be a Moral dilemma. Jehovah’s Witnesses reject blood transfusions on religious grounds, so continuing blood transfusions to save the patient’s life will violate the patient’s moral and ethical beliefs; however, as a doctor in this scenario, you may want to prioritize saving lives, especially because the patient is a minor. This puts you in a difficult ethical position and has competing priorities that directly affect the patient's physical and mental health. 


Other common ethical dilemmas may put you in a situation where you must stand up against a colleague or authority figure who behaves improperly, or you must report morally problematic behavior by your peers or superiors. Any problem involving your values is a potential moral dilemma, and sometimes moral dilemmas are part of other problem categories. For example, maintaining professional boundaries or resolving conflicts of interest may sometimes require you to carefully consider your ethical priorities, as described below. 


It is important to be familiar with the ethical standards of your chosen profession so that you can have a good understanding of the expectations and priorities of people in the field. There is no need to memorize complete ethics books, nor can you respond perfectly—they know that you are still learning, growing, and experiencing professionalization. However, you should be able to show that you can reason with ethical or convincing decisions, even when there seems to be no “good” choice.


Professional boundary

The questions in this category involve the invisible barriers that exist between maintenance professionals, their customers, students, patients, and the wider public. The existence of professional boundaries is to protect the parties on both sides of the barrier, to ensure that the dynamics of power are not used, and everyone is respected and treated appropriately. The scene in which the superiors have relationships with their subordinates (or doctors and patients, or professors and students) will fall into the category of professional boundaries. 


As mentioned above, scenarios that present professional boundary issues may also include moral dilemmas, and what is “correct” may not always be obvious. For example, if you are given the role of a professor and he learns that one of their students is homeless, you might think of providing that student with a spare bedroom in your own home until they can get a suitable housing. However, this would violate professional boundaries; since power dynamics present, this behavior is not as ethical as it seems on the surface. It is better to work with students to find long-term solutions and determine more appropriate short-term solutions than to violate the boundary of protecting professors and students.


Conflict of interest

A conflict of interest occurs when someone acts for their own interests that contradict with their duties and responsibilities to others. Such conflicts often occur (or are likely to occur) in business relationships—for example, if a doctor receives a gift from a medical representative, this is a conflict of interest. In this case, these gifts may affect which drugs the doctor prescribes, showing a preference for the drug manufacturer’s drugs over other drugs, which is not necessarily in the patient’s best interests (nor in line with the medical practice and ethical or legal boundaries established by prescription drugs). If someone tries to obtain personal benefit or otherwise benefit from a particular professional arrangement, or use such an arrangement to benefit others in an unethical way, this may be a conflict of interest. 


Here, once again you need to emphasize what is ethical, what is immoral, and the feeling of the boundaries that exist in one's ideal career. You must prove that you can avoid taking actions out of self-interest, and that you are willing and able to intervene when others are serving yourself . Intervention when a classmate cheats or plagiarizes, a willingness to take action when a superior makes a questionable choice, and to ensure that others will not profit from the work of others-these are all key steps to be taken in the event of a conflict of interest. In preparation, honestly think about how you will handle these situations, and be aware that you should not deal with this problem simply by thinking about what you think the test evaluator "wants to hear". Hypocrisy is easier to be detected than it seems, and it is usually obvious when someone mechanically imitates a general response.


Question type 1: Situation

CASPer station will usually let you view or read a scene, and then will ask you at least one question about how you respond in this situation (note that there will be three questions after each prompt, but not all three questions are necessarily related to the scene directly). These scenarios are usually everyday situations in real life that contain challenges or dilemmas, or require you to balance competing priorities. Although it is impossible to accurately predict the situation you may encounter, you can take some key steps in almost any situation CASPer test question, which will lead to a reasonable, thoughtful and reflective answer.

Thinking and answering steps: 

1 Identify the most pressing issues 

2 Retain judgment and collect information 

3 Determine who is directly and indirectly affected 

4 Use "if/then" statements to provide reasonable solutions


Question type 2: Policy

Policy-based CASPer test questions are questions that ask you about current or potential policies in your field or more generally in the world. These are designed to test your knowledge of ethics, best practices, and even current events. 


For example: When you walk into the lunch room at work, you see a group of people sitting around a table and having a heated discussion. You heard Charlie, one of the men, used offensive and inappropriate language to refer to the appearance of one of your female colleagues, Rhonda. 


Question 1 asks how you would deal with yourself in this situation. Let us consider this as a possible second question: 

Question 2: What is your view on mandatory first-offender sensitivity and diversity training for employees who use this problematic language in the workplace? 


In other words, do you think such a policy is better than other possible policies, from immediate dismissal to simple written condemnation? Policy issues like this usually revolve around controversial, divisive, or highly stressed "hot topics." You may already have strong feelings about these issues; on the other hand, you may not know how you feel about such issues. In either case, there is work to be done. 


First, the worst option-you don’t know or don’t know to comment on such policy issues. This is a major challenge, and frankly, the best way to deal with it is to avoid it as much as possible. You can do this by familiarizing yourself with hot topics in your field and by reading and understanding current events closely. If you haven't already, try to find some reliable news sources on social media and follow them so you can keep up with the headlines. Understand the issues people are talking about and debating, and look at them from multiple angles-don’t just look at "one side"; instead, let yourself accept all kinds of responses (including those you might disagree with) so you know yourself position, but also know what other people think and why they think so. It may not be possible to understand every discussion topic or every policy in your future career, but broadening your horizons in some areas will also help you refine your ideas in other areas. 


If you do have strong opinions on an issue, you need to moderate those opinions a bit and make sure you show reasonable reasoning about your position. When answering questions, just like the CASPer test question in the above scenario, you don't want to give your opinion directly. Again, this may feel rushed and will not give you the opportunity to show the depth and breadth of your thoughts.

Instead, consider the following steps: 

1 Show your knowledge and understanding of the problem 

2 Provide pros and cons/arguments for supporting and opposing related policies 

3 Give your own evaluation of the policy 

4 Consider whether you can make any suggestions or amendments to the policy to strengthen the policy or solve any drawbacks


Question type 3: Individual

Personal questions require you to reflect on your own life experiences related to the problem or situation at hand. Before completing the CASPer test, be surePersonal questions require you to reflect on your own life experiences related to the problem or situation at hand. Before completing the CASPer test, be sure to take time to review common personal questions and think about possible answers based on your own self-narrative. Personal questions usually ask about when you had conflicts with others, disagreements with your boss or other authority, when you struggled or failed, when you succeeded or completed something, or other landmark moments in your biography. Looking back at our example, the personal problem may be: Question: Can you describe your experience of intervening on behalf of others in public places? to take time to review common personal questions and think about possible answers based on your own self-narrative. Personal questions usually ask about when you had conflicts with others, disagreements with your boss or other authority, when you struggled or failed, when you succeeded or completed something, or other landmark moments in your biography. Looking back at our example, the personal problem may be:

Question: Can you describe your experience of intervening on behalf of others in public places? 


If you did not seize the opportunity to think about your life experience before the CASPer test, then such questions may catch you off guard. It may take some time to examine your own timeline in depth and isolate these experiences-and time is something you didn't have when you took the CASPer test! This is why it is advisable to consider these common personal issues in advance. Preparation is the key to CASPer test questions, because you need to be able to recall and express these ideas easily.


Answer points

1. Try to answer each question as complete as possible, and try to finish the question as much as possible. 

2. Read the question first and answer the simplest question first. 

3. Review the questions, first determine what is the most urgent/important problem that needs to be solved? 

4. Figure out which role is directly/indirectly involved 

5. Prepare paper and pens or others so that you can record the main points while watching the video


Let’s look at an example.

It raises the discussion whether old people should drive.

You are at a restaurant with your grandmother and grandfather for Sunday lunch. Your grandfather seems to be a bit confused and is acting a little strangely. 

Your grandmother tells you that based on some preliminary screening tests, his doctor suspects that he has dementia. Later,  the  conversation  turns  to what  everyone will  be  doing  later  this  afternoon,  your grandmother  tells  you  that  your  grandfather will be running some errands for her, including going to pick  up some groceries. 

Your  grandmother  then mentions  that  he  has  had  to  run  most  of  their errands  lately,  because  she  has  been having trouble with more physical chores due to her sore hip and  “breathing  troubles”. She insists, however, that he only drives around their small town, which they have lived in for 35 years, and is always careful to avoid rush hour and drive slowly. What would you say to your grandparents?





Thoughts

Express concern, ask them about their current situation, and express that I am happy to do things for them when I have time. 

Ask when my grandma’s condition started, and if I went to see a doctor.

-If so, ask how treatment can relieve the condition. During the treatment, I will help my grandma to deal with some chores. 

If not, take grandma to see a doctor to relieve the pain and reduce the situation of grandpa driving alone. Ask grandpa to see if there are other abnormalities in grandpa. And in private, take grandpa to do a more detailed examination to see if it was really Alzheimer's disease, and if it was, how he should be cared for. 

The urgent thing is that grandpa will help grandma drive shopping in the afternoon. I only considered that Grandpa might forget the way home when driving, but did not consider the impact that Grandpa would have on the society when driving out!! For example, there could be a collision.


Steps

-First, I would like to gather information about my grandfather’s diagnosis and ask whether he can drive. 

-Once we had this conversation privately, I will know his condition is mild or worse, 

-If his disease is mild, he can drive, and also ask whether they need help. If his disease is more severe, help them shopping first. 

-I should also make appointment with doctors to get to know more about grandfather’s diagnosis and determine how I can help them in the future. 

-If his prognosis is not good, I should also concern about how him driving himself could affect the society. I would take them shopping for now and talk to them about their future needs. I need to make sure they can be cared in a way that is best for their own safety and also the society.


Discussion

In this case, the main problem is that your grandfather's driving may pose potential risks to himself and society. Your main goal when solving a problem is to figure out how to quantify the risk, and then develop solutions based on the various risk levels you determine. In the "BAD" answer, the individual does not seem to be aware of the risk or does not want to participate in it. From the evaluator's point of view, both may be red flags. The applicant adopts a judgmental method and assumes safety, thereby ignoring potential risks. A "good" answer indicates that someone is willing to have a public discussion with grandparents to determine the actual risks involved in the situation. They discuss how they will deal with current risks and what actions they will take to reduce future risks, showing that they have considered the possibility of changing risks in this situation. They also demonstrated their ability to solve the problem from multiple angles by discussing the various ways they tried to help their grandparents solve this problem.