Policy-based CASPer test questions are questions that ask you about current or potential policies in your field or more generally in the world. These are designed to test your knowledge of ethics, best practices, and even current events.
For example: When you walk into the lunch room at work, you see a group of people sitting around a table and having a heated discussion. You heard Charlie, one of the men, used offensive and inappropriate language to refer to the appearance of one of your female colleagues, Rhonda.
Question 1 asks how you would deal with yourself in this situation. Let us consider this as a possible second question:
Question 2: What is your view on mandatory first-offender sensitivity and diversity training for employees who use this problematic language in the workplace?
In other words, do you think such a policy is better than other possible policies, from immediate dismissal to simple written condemnation? Policy issues like this usually revolve around controversial, divisive, or highly stressed "hot topics." You may already have strong feelings about these issues; on the other hand, you may not know how you feel about such issues. In either case, there is work to be done.
First, the worst option-you don’t know or don’t know to comment on such policy issues. This is a major challenge, and frankly, the best way to deal with it is to avoid it as much as possible. You can do this by familiarizing yourself with hot topics in your field and by reading and understanding current events closely. If you haven't already, try to find some reliable news sources on social media and follow them so you can keep up with the headlines. Understand the issues people are talking about and debating, and look at them from multiple angles-don’t just look at "one side"; instead, let yourself accept all kinds of responses (including those you might disagree with) so you know yourself position, but also know what other people think and why they think so. It may not be possible to understand every discussion topic or every policy in your future career, but broadening your horizons in some areas will also help you refine your ideas in other areas.
If you do have strong opinions on an issue, you need to moderate those opinions a bit and make sure you show reasonable reasoning about your position. When answering questions, just like the CASPer test question in the above scenario, you don't want to give your opinion directly. Again, this may feel rushed and will not give you the opportunity to show the depth and breadth of your thoughts.
Instead, consider the following steps:
1 Show your knowledge and understanding of the problem
2 Provide pros and cons/arguments for supporting and opposing related policies
3 Give your own evaluation of the policy
4 Consider whether you can make any suggestions or amendments to the policy to strengthen the policy or solve any drawbacks